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Coatings43 [Regulation]

Any operation that includes chromating, phosphating, metal coloring and passivating. In chromating, a portion of the base metal is converted to a component of the protective film formed by the coating solutions containing hexavalent chromium and active organic or inorganic compounds. Phosphate coatings are formed by the immersion of steel, iron, or zinc plated steel in a dilute solution of phosphoric acid plus other reagents involves the chemical method of converting the metal surface into an oxide or similar metallic compound to produce a decorative finish. Passivating is the process of forming a protective film on metals by immersion in an acid solution, usually nitric acid or nitric acid with sodium dichromate.